Plants for Exposed Coastal Sites
If you live near the coast or have an exposed garden then strong winds, dryness and salt spray can be a problem. Below is a list of plants suitable for exposed coastal locations.
Did you know that many plants that are adapted to strong sunlight and heat often have a silver or bluish tinge to them? Plants need to minimise water loss in these conditions so look out for silvery leaves as these will reflect the sunlight away from the plant so it will lose less water through evaporation. Waxy leaved evergreens are often able to cope with exposed coastal positions. Plants with thick, fleshy leaves which store water like Sedum or Sempervivum or thin needle like leaves like Rosemary or Lavender help to conserve water enabling the plant to cope when exposed to dry winds. Glossy or hairy leaves also do well in exposed or coastal areas.
Some plants are ideal in exposed coastal positions because they are flexible in the wind or can be pruned back hard in the spring. Plants that originate from coastal environments (e.g New Zealand) are able to cope with coastal or exposed positions in the UK.
Acer pseudoplatanus (Maple)
Arbutus unedo (Strawberry tree)
Fraxinus excelsior (Ash)
Ilex aquifolium (Holly)
Laurus nobilis (Bay)
Salix alba (willow)
Sorbus aria ‘Lutescens’
X Cupressocyparis Leylandii
Pinus nigra var.nigra
Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’
Excall nia rubra var macrantha ‘Crimson Spire’
Euphorbia characia subsp. Wulfenii
Hebe x franciscana ‘Blue gem’
Tropaeolum tuberosum ‘Ken Aslet’
Artemisia absinthium ‘Lambrook Silver’
Euphorbia griffithii ‘Fireglow’